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Alpha 101: U.S. Army
By AlphaNews
5/11/2015 9:34:00 AM
U.S. Army

Today starts Armed Forces Week which culminates in Armed Forces Day on May 16. It is a time to pay tribute to those Americans in uniform who are actively serving their country whether in times of war or peace. It recognizes those who are in the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard. The day was created in 1949 by the Secretary of Defense when all the branches of the military were brought under one government department. It was first celebrated in 1950. To honor this observance, each day this week we will highlight a different branch of our military. First up, the U.S. Army.

The Unites States Army was established in 1775 in the midst of the American Revolution. As the largest branch of the Armed Forces of the United States, the Army makes up almost half of the entire Armed Forces. The Army performs land-based military operations by participating in, or supporting, combat. They also aid humanitarian and disaster relief efforts. The U.S. Army guards national installations, properties and interests around the world.

M-65 Field Coat Jacket
Introduced in 1965, the M-65 Field Coat was primarily used by army personnel. It replaced the M-51 Field Jacket. Alpha was awarded its first DOD contract to make this iconic army jacket in 1966 and we continued to produce them for the next few decades. The first contract was for the olive green color but this was later expanded to include a Woodland and Desert Camo. The field coat was eventually replaced with the ECWCS parka.

Here are some interesting facts about the U.S. Army:
  • The Lewis and Clark Expedition was an Army operation. Both Lewis and Clark were officers of the U.S. Army. They, along with the enlisted men who accompanied them, wore military uniforms during the entire operation.
  • The modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army which was formed in June 1775 to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
  • In October 1951, the all-black 24th Infantry Regiment, which had served during the Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II and the beginning of the Korean War, was disbanded. This eliminated the last lingering formal practice of segregation in the Army.
  • The 187 streamers attached to the Army flag staff represent the campaigns fought by the Army throughout our nation's history. Each streamer has the name of a campaign and the year(s) during which it occurred.
  • In 1963 the concept of a Drill Sergeant School was tested and found to be successful. The graduates of this test were the first drill sergeants to train Army recruits.
  • The 525th Military Intelligence Group was assigned to the U.S. Army, Vietnam. They provided advisor and intelligence support.
  • Mr. John M. McHugh was sworn in as the 21st Secretary of the Army on Sep. 21, 2009, following his nomination by President Barack Obama and confirmation by the United States Senate.
  • Currently, the U.S. Army has 1.1 million active duty, Army National Guard, and Army Reserve soldiers, 221,000 Department of the Army civilian employees, and 213,000 contracted service personnel.
  • Women make up about 14% of the active U.S. Army personnel.

Tags: Armed Forces Week, US Army, military appreciation week, M-65 Field Coatr
Categories: Military History
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