April 23, 2015
This year, the U.S. Army Reserves celebrates its 107th anniversary and more than a century of service in the U.S. military. Though not officially established by the U.S. Congress until 1908, the Army Reserve has played a role in the nation’s history since the French and Indian War (1756-1763).
The U.S. Army Reserve’s mission is to “provide trained, equipped and ready soldiers, leaders and units to meet requirements at home and abroad.”
Here are some military heritage fun facts about the U.S. Army Reserve:
- The U.S. Army Reserve’s presence is widespread. Currently, there are more than 150,000 Reservists serving in all 50 states, plus four U.S. territories and more than 30 countries.
- The U.S. Army Reserve is the most diverse component of the U.S. military, with more women and minorities enlisted and holding leadership positions than any other branch. Minorities make up more than 40 percent of the Reserve.
- The Reserve makes up only 20 percent of the Army’s organized units, but provides almost half of the Army’s combat support.
- The Army Reserve allows individuals to serve their community and country while pursing a civilian career or attend college. Reservists are eligible to receive tuition assistance, medical aide and training in their respective industries.
- Reservists serve the nation in several industries, including Homeland Security, information technology, biohazard protection, Army logistics, civil affairs, medical services and military support operations.
- Originally, the reserve only included medical officers. Four years later, a provision in the Army Appropriations Act, created the “Regular Army Reserve.” These two components merged in 1917.
- Army Reserve soldiers have played a major role in every war fought by the U.S. This trend began when more than 170,000 Army Reserve Officers and Soldiers served in World War I.